The literal translation of spina bifida is split spine, according to the Spina Bifida Association. The condition is a neural tube defect that occurs when the spinal column does not close all the way in the womb. It is the most common neural tube defect in the U.S. There are four types of spina bifida. For complete definitions, visit the Spina Bifida Association website. Complications from spina bifida range from minor physical problems to severe mental and physical disabilities.
It is acceptable to describe a person as “someone with spina bifida,” followed by a short explanation of what their condition entails.« Back to Glossary Index