People in the United States who share a lineage that can be traced directly or indirectly to Europe.
There has been much discussion about whether the w in White and the b in Black should be capitalized. Most journalism style guides, like those of the Associated Press and The New York Times, call for putting both “white” and “black” in all lowercase letters. Others, like The Chicago Manual of Style, allow capitalization if an author or publication prefers. Essence and Ebony magazines, The Chicago Defender and many other publications serving African-American communities capitalize Black; some, but not all, capitalize White.
The National Association of Black Journalists does not capitalize Black in its publications, including the NABJ Style Guide. Many of the terms related to Black and White people in The Diversity Style Guide come from 100 Questions & Answers About African Americans. The team that put together that guide decided to capitalize Black and White, according to editor Joe Grimm. After much research and consideration, the editor of The Diversity Style Guide elected to capitalize Black and White when used in a racial context, but most would say it’s not incorrect to lowercase those words.
For more discussion about whether to capitalize the w in White see:
- “Black and White: Why Capitalization Matters” by Merrill Perlman
Columbia Journalism Review, 2015
- “The Case for Black With a Capital B” by Lori Tharps
The New York Times, 2014
- “When to Capitalize ‘Black’ and ‘White’” by Elahe Izadi
- “Black, black, or African American?” by Aly Colón